What are Corns and Calluses?

Corns and Calluses are a body's response to friction or pressure against the skin. If your foot rubs inside your shoe, the affected area of skin thickens. It can also happen if a bone is not in the correct position. In order to protect itself, the area of skin thickens to protect the foot from unusual pressure. In severe cases, a corn or callus may actually press on a sensitive nerve, resulting in severe pain.

Corns: Can range from a slight thickening of the skin to a painful hard bump. They often form on top of buckled toe joints (Hammer Toes). If your toes curl under, corns may grow on the tips. You could also get them from a toe rubbing against the end of a shoe or they can also grow between to toes.

Calluses: may spread across the across the ball of your foot. This type of callus is usually due to a problem with a metatarsal (the long bone at the base of a toe, near the ball of the foot). A pinched callus may grow along the outer edge of the heel or the big toe. Some calluses press up into the foot instead of spreading on the outside. A callus may form a central core or plug of tissue where pressure is greatest.

What are Neuromas?

This problem begins when the outer coating of a nerve in your foot thickens. This thickening is usually caused by irritation that results when two hard surfaces rub together, (often due to ill- fitting shoes or abnormal bone movement). Nerve problems due to diabetes or alcoholism may also cause neuroma-like symptoms.

How are Neuromas treated?

Non Surgical treatments include: orthotics, medication, ultrasound, or shoe adjustments. If the neuroma is resistant to conservative care more aggressive treatments can be recommended by you doctor. 

Neurolysis procedure how it works:

neuromas, corns, calluses, remove corn calluses, foot calluses, foot neuromaWhen the nerve is severely compressed by the callus tissue and from bearing any weight, the nerve reflex signals the skin to produce more callus, which only makes the problem worse. When the nerve is neutralized by the neurolysis procedure, the reflex signal is stopped and the callus stops forming. This allows the skin to get back to normal.

Neurolysis Procedure treatment steps:

1.  First, a topical anesthetic is used to numb the area. Then an injection of the neurolysis medication, known as anhydrous alcohol, is given to the site.
2.  The areas is then covered with a band aid. This is then repeated 4 more times, every 1-2 weeks. More severe conditions may require two additional shots. Overall success rate is 80%.

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